健康投资(来自百度百科权威解释)

同义词 投资健康一般指健康投资

概述
社会为保护和增进全体成员的健康,在一定时期内所投入或消耗的经济资源。损害和影响人体健康的因素有生物、环境、社会、心理等多方面;保护和增进健康要通过医疗卫生、遗传因子、饮食营养、体育运动、生态环境、道德修养、生活方式等多种渠道来实现。健康投资从广义上说是上述各方面的资源消耗。狭义的健康投资即卫生事业消耗的经济资源──卫生费用。医疗卫生所消耗的经济资源是社会健康投资的主体部分。

投资与消费编辑

投资的目的是为了获得利益,是一种积累;消费则多是为了享受,是一种消耗。 在人们处于相对健康时,为健康而进行的支出,往往是一种健康投资。而在发生疾病时则是为了改善病症,恢复健康而进行的健康消费。可以说人们在一生中或多或少地都在为健康进行投资和消费,只是往往不太意识到而已。
对健康的投资实际上是为了减少对健康的消费。对为了维护健康,或在亚健康状态时买的保健品,以及为保持健康状态而进行的持续运动、健身等支出,在个体行为上是产生了消费行为,但由于其结果是促进健康,而实质上是一种健康投资。人们往往因为这是一种费用支出,就想当然地认为是一种消费,而忽略了其结果是健康,是一种健康投资。就如同对待健康体检,一般认为这是一种消费,是一种费用支出, 而忽略了其帮助自己认识自身的健康状况,以有利于维护自身的健康这一结果,将其简单视为消费而非投资。试想,到目前为止,了解自身的健康状况,除了健康体检以外,还有其他的方法吗?
健康消费则是在疾病产生后,为恢复健康而产生的费用支出。这种消费是一次性的,在恢复健康后就不再进行。这种消费会因为造成疾病的原因不同而支出不同,其差别很大。其中的某些疾病(一般是慢性疾病、恶性疾病)的支出是巨大的,是预防这些疾病而进行的健康投资费用的100倍左右。
健康投资与健康消费都是必须的。在日常生活中进行的健康投资,是一种持续性的行为,缺乏持续的健康投资,是没有意义的。而健康消费是一种被迫性的行为,只要有经济基础,就会进行消费。因此,健康投资和健康消费是一个人维护健康的一生都必须做的事情,二者不可偏废。
美国的健康管理现状—健康管理效益的直接经济学指标
如今,健康管理在美国的发展日益迅速。有7700万的美国人在大约650个健康管理组织中享受医疗服务,超过9000万的美国人成为健康管理服务计划的享用者。这意味着每10个美国人就有7个享有健康管理服务。
美国密执安大学健康管理研究中心主任第·艾鼎敦博士曾经提出:美国经过20多年的研究得出了这样一个结论,即健康管理对于任何企业及个人都有这样一个秘密,即90%和10%。具体地说就是90%的个人和企业通过健康管理后,医疗费用降到原来的10%;10%的个人和企业没有进行健康管理,医疗费用比原来上升90%。
由此可见,健康管理不仅是一个概念,也是一种方法,更是一套完善、周密的服务程序,其目的在于使病人以及健康人更好地拥有健康、恢复健康、促进健康,并节约经费开支,有效降低医疗支出[1]  。

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